Protein – Building Blocks For Life

Protein – Building Blocks For Life

 

To start off, a little bit on what a protein actually is. All proteins are built of smaller building blocks called amino acids. There are 20 in total out of which 9 are considered essential,  metaverse coin which means they have to be ingested from food as human body is unable to synthesise them. And only when we intake a sufficient amount of the essential amino acids, the body is able to produce the remaining 11. A varied diet with a range of different protein sources will provide adequate amounts of both types.

Amino acids then are joined together and form peptides. They are forming various length chains, which eventually become proteins. The easiest way to imagine this process is to think of various words being created using different combinations of the 26 letters in the alphabet. Proteins are formed when the amino acid chain counts at least 100 of them or if two or more multi peptide chains link together.

It is important to remember that the shape and structure of a protein is absolutely essential to its function, therefore anything like cooking at high temperature will denature its shape making it much more difficult for the human body to absorb and use it as initially intended.

Proteins are essential for growth and repair. They serve as base material for:

muscle
bones
blood vessels
DNA and RNA
enzymes
antibodies
hormones

They also are responsible for homeostasis, the process in which the body is trying to maintain a balanced state. Some of the proteins help with maintaining this balance. Hormones (protein serve as building blocks) are chemical messengers in the human body that regulate various processes, such as blood glucose levels. Enzymes, also built of protein, are responsible for speeding up reactions.

Energy source is another use of protein in our bodies. Although not the usual, when necessary they can be converted into glucose (hence long endurance training will eventually lead to breaking down muscle tissue, which essentially is protein, when the body runs out of the glycogen stores in the muscles, and no, it will not help you stay tight and lean, go do some intervals instead). They can also be converted into fatty acids or ketones as and when needed.

 

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